Friday, January 19, 2018

Players Reject Pace of Play Proposal, Override Probable

Although the Major League Baseball Players Association rejected his latest pace-of-play proposal, MLB Commissioner Rob Manfred may nonetheless overrule the MLBPA and introduce pitch clock rules for the 2018 season without the union's support, thanks to a CBA rule that allows the Commissioner to play hardball.

MLB may receive new pitch clock rules.
According to the Collective Bargaining Agreement between MLB owners and the MLBPA, the Clubs (which are led by Commissioner Manfred) are empowered to implement rules changes in one of two ways: A) With the players' consent, or B) without it.

If an agreement is reached with MLBPA) The rules may be changed for the upcoming season pursuant to the terms of that agreement; or,
If no agreement is reached with MLBPA) The rules may be changed without player consent as long as the Clubs wait one entire season before implementing the new, not-agreed-to rules.

Article XIII of the MLBPA's Basic Agreement states:
If the Clubs and the Association fail to reach agreement on a proposed change which is subject to negotiation, the proposed change shall not be put into effect until the completion of the next complete succeeding season (including the Wild Card Game, Division Series, League Championship Series and World Series) following the date the change was proposed.
Time is running out on limitless baseball.
In other words, this all goes back to the preceding offseason (2016-17), when the MLBPA rejected the Commissioner's proposed pace-of-play changes regarding pitch clocks and the like. Now that a full season and postseason has passed, the Commissioner has the authority to impose these same circa 2016-17 proposals, essentially overriding the players' veto.

To illustrate this principle, consider the Arizona Fall League, MLB's self-described testing ground for pace of play and other rules change initiatives. The 2014 AFL tested a concept called "no-pitch intentional walks," in which a batter would be awarded first base with no pitches thrown if the defense simply wanted to add a baserunner. The 2014 AFL also introduced a 20-second pitch clock.
Related PostMLB to Test Pace of Game Proposals at Arizona Fall League (10/1/14).

Though the 2015 and 2016 seasons retained the traditional intentional walk, Manfred's crew eliminated the practice ahead of the 2017 season, while decrying "a lack of cooperation from the MLBPA." Thus, the no-pitch intentional walk rules change was implemented in the majors over a year removed from its first appearance in the laboratory fall league.
Related PostFour-Pitch Intentional Walk, Potential Flubs, Abolished (2/22/17).

Manfred is authorized to overrule the MLBPA.
The 2016 Arizona Fall League experimented with a 15-second pitch clock and additional timers for other game situations (35 seconds between batters and 30 seconds for mound visits). The 2016 AFL also experimented with a three mound visit/conference limit per team, per game.

This is all in addition to Minor League Baseball's use of pitch clocks, which have existed in one form or another since well before the 2017 offseason. MiLB does not have a bartering partner as formidable as the MLBPA.

At a November 2017 owner's meeting, Manfred all but assured baseball's brass that pace of play rules changes will be implemented in time for the 2018 regular season, with or without MLBPA support. The changes are owner-friendly and corporate hopes it will help the brand—from the big prize of keeping fans engaged with on-field action to smaller fringe benefits, such as cutting payroll expenses as hourly stadium employees spend less time at work or being able to shut the lights off 10 minutes earlier, an average savings-per-game predicted by the commissioner's office. Cue Article XIII.
Related PostRob Manfred Vows Pace of Play Rules Changes for 2018 (11/16/17).

MLB will purportedly introduce a 20-second pitch clock for all situations—both "bases empty" and "runners on" scenarios—starting when the pitcher has the ball on the mound and stopping when the windup begins, or the pitcher comes set, in a form similar to that first introduced at the 2014 AFL.

As has been practice in the minors, this pitch clock will reset if the pitcher steps off the rubber, while the batter must enter the box within five seconds of the clock starting; pitchers who fail to windup or set prior to the expiration of time will be warned, after which any subsequent violation will result in an automatic ball.

A 30-second between-batters clock, similar to the 2016 AFL model, is also expected to make an appearance in 2018; the rejected proposal had included a 35-second between-batters timer.

Mound visits are about to change.
Another initiative likely to see implementation concerns mound visits, and will expand the current definition of a mound visit—which presently occurs when a coach or manager enters the field to confer with a pitch—to include players, such that a pitcher conferring with a first baseman, for instance, shall be charged a mound visit, the second of which within an inning would require the pitcher to leave the game, as in OBR 5.10(l) regarding "Visits to the Mound."

Sidebar: In our 2017 postseason live blog, we noted that catchers were visiting the mound to confer with pitchers to a point of excess; the proposed change would limit their ability to do this.

For reference, Rule 5.10(l) presently reads, in part (circa 2017):
(1) This rule limits the number of trips a manager or coach may make to any one pitcher in any one inning;
(2) A second trip to the same pitcher in the same inning will cause this pitcher’s automatic removal from the game
The Clubs had purportedly proposed six allowed "no-charge" conferences per game, which would have allowed players to confer with the pitcher without invoking the mound visit rule up to six times per game; instead, MLBPA's rejection means that Manfred and the Clubs are free to implement any pace-of-play proposal first introduced in Winter 2016 or earlier, which includes the aforementioned pitch clocks, between-batters clock, and mound visit restrictions.

Sunday, January 14, 2018

Hall of Fame and Former NL Umpire Doug Harvey Dies

National Baseball Hall of Fame umpire Harold Doug "God" Harvey has passed away at the age of 87. Harvey, who officiated 4,673 regular season National League games from 1962-1992, joined the California League in 1958, at the age of 28, and worked in the Pacific Coast League prior to his NL hiring.

Born in South Gate, California on March 13, 1930 to Harold Wollen (a former minor league umpire himself) and Target Mae Harvey, Doug Harvey began his sports officiating career as a high school basketball referee at the age of 16.

A San Diego State College alum, Harvey played collegiate baseball, basketball, and football, opting to pursue umpiring after leaving SD State, landing placement in the California League soon thereafter.

Doug Harvey has died.
After a rapid ascent to Triple-A's PCL in 1961, he was hired to the NL staff in 1962 at the age of 32, becoming the first major league umpire of Native American ancestry to officiate at baseball's highest level, and the last not to have first attended professional umpire school.

The Silver Fox remained a San Diego resident throughout his professional umpiring career, was voted the NL's best umpire in a 1974 Major League Player's Association poll, best umpire once again in a 1990 Sport magazine ranking, and officiated five All-Star games, nine National League Championship Series, and five World Series by the time he retired from baseball in 1992, due in part to failing knees. His former sleeve #8 is presently worn by Major League crew chief Jeff Kellogg.
Doug Harvey's Hall of Fame plaque.

Having often used chewing tobacco, Harvey in 1997 was diagnosed with esophageal cancer, an ailment which impacted his 2010 Hall of Fame induction ceremony speech, and necessitated the use of pre-recorded video to accept the induction.

He concluded his career with 58 ejections, his first on May 9, 1962 (Milwaukee catcher Joe Torre), and his final on September 16, 1992 (Cardinals Manager, the same Joe Torre).

Residents of Southern California could easily tell who and where Harvey was thanks to his personalized license plate, which Harvey customized to read "NL UMP."

Following his career, Harvey published a memoir entitled, They Called Me God: The Best Umpire Who Ever Lived, recounting tales from his three decades on the field.

After the Veterans Committee elected him to the Hall of Fame in 2010, the California League celebrated his induction with the creation of its Doug Harvey Award, which honors the Cal League's Umpire of the Year; the California League is the only professional league to annually honor an umpire.

The Single-A California League later named Harvey to its 2017 Hall of Fame class.
Related Post: Doug Harvey Set for CAL League Hall of Fame Induction (6/16/17).

Harold Douglas Harvey was 87 years old; his wife has confirmed he passed from natural causes.

Friday, January 12, 2018

Running the Numbers for MLB's Next Crew Chief

Let's play a little offseason ball and run the numbers for the most viable 'Umpire 2' candidates for promotion to crew chief, care of Dale Scott's retirement. For a little more spice, we'll consider Angel Hernandez's perspective, relative to his lawsuit against the MLB Commissioner's Office alleging an unjust denial of promotion to crew chief. Will 2018 prove, finally, to be his time?

Which umpire's promotion is in the cards for 2018?
Does plaintiff Angel Hernandez have a point—is he truly the most qualified candidate who continually is passed over? We'll also analyze some recent promotions to crew chief over the past few seasons to see if the numbers truly support Hernandez's case. We will conclude with a ranking of potential candidates for the crew chief vacancy based on the following analysis. The following sections contain conjecture based upon on-field and roster-based historical statistics. First, we define the terms and scope of this study.

Eligibility: Generally speaking, an umpire is eligible for promotion to crew chief if: A) The umpire has served as a "Number 2" or backup crew chief on a Major League crew and/or has played the part of interim or acting crew chief; and B) the umpire actually wants, and presumably applies for, the crew chief role.

Candidates: Although we are not privy to the details regarding which umpires fit criterion B) regarding interest in the position, we can narrow down the staff to those number twos who are most qualified. The following analysis will include only the top candidates who also fit criterion A). Generally speaking, there is great overlap between top candidates and those who are already number twos.

Angel Hernandez has been #2 since 2002.
Qualification Standards: There are a few ways to look at which candidates are most qualified to serve as a permanent crew chief. We will define three qualification standards for use in our analysis.

One metric is experience: How long has the umpire been a number two (var: Ump2), or what history does the umpire have serving as an acting crew chief during regular season play?

The second is postseason work: What does the umpire's body of October assignments look like?

Third, we consider performance: What are the umpire's RAPs, strike zone %, and observer feedback?

Finally, intangibles takes into account extracurricular leadership qualities that generally can't be quantitatively measured. For instance, how, exactly, would one go about numerically factoring in achievements such as "Reverend Doctor" or serving on a Board of Directors (e.g., Calling for Christ or UmpsCare Charities)?

Analysis:

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

Joe West to Join North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame

The North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame announced MLB umpire Joe West as part of its 2018 induction class; West will be inducted into the NCSHOF during a May banquet and ceremony at the Raleigh Convention Center.

'Blue Cowboy' Joe West will be inducted in May.
NC HOF President Nora Lynn Finch cited the class's achievements, which enrich the state's sports heritage; according to the Hall's website, "The North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame, which inducted its first class in 1963, celebrates excellence and extraordinary achievement in athletics."

In June 2017, West officiated his 5,000th regular season game at the Major League level, and is the longest-tenured umpire in MLB history (by years of service) with over 40 games of big league experience. West's 5,074 games through 2017 ranks third on the all-time list, behind National Baseball Hall of Fame Umpire Bill Klemm (5,375 games) and the more recently retired Bruce Froemming (5,163 games). West has also officiated the second-most postseason games in MLB history, behind Gerry Davis.
Related PostUmpire Joe West Officiates 5,000th Regular Season Game (6/20/17).

West is the second umpire to be inducted into the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame. In 1997, the Hall inducted Jim Mills of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, who also officiated college basketball and football in the Atlantic Coast Conference and Southeastern Conference during the 1950s and 1960s after umpiring in baseball's Carolina League in 1954; Mills later served as President of the Carolina League from 1977 to 1983.