|Derek Jeter tags out Miguel Tejada. (WikiCommons)|
As demonstrated in 2012's Rule 7.09: Base or Batter-Runner Interference and again in Case Plays: Infield Interference, Foul Fly or Complete Chaos, this standard case of interference occurs in the timeframe after batted, but before fielded ball. See below for a timeline of potential interference acts and when they might occur:
» Catcher's (defensive) or 7.09(a) third strike ("clearly hinders the catcher").
Batted Ball, Legal Disengagement Pickoff and/or Putout Attempt or Pitch Caught by Catcher
» Umpire's interference, hinders a catcher's throw attempting to prevent a stolen base or retire a runner.
» 7.09(b) Intentionally deflects the course of a foul ball in any manner;
» (c) Batter hinders any fielder in making a play at home;
» (e) Batter who has just been put out hinders or impedes any following play, runner is declared out;
» (f) Base runner intent interference with batted ball or fielder fielding a batted ball for a double play;
» (g) Batter-runner intent interference with a batted ball DP, as in (f);
» (j) Fails to avoid a fielder attempting to field a batted ball;
» (k) Fair ball touches batter or runner on fair territory before passing a non-pitcher or touching any fielder.
» Umpire's interference, a fair ball touching an umpire on fair territory before passing any fielder.
» (j) Intentionally interferes with a thrown ball;
Play or Attempted Play, Which May Be a Tag or Throw or Running of the Bases
» (e) Runner who has just been put out or scored hinders or impedes any following play, such runner is out.^
*7.09(d) [offensive huddle around a base to confuse the defense] may occur at any time.
*7.09(h) [1B or 3B coach touches or holds the runner to physically assist him] may occur at any time.
*7.09(i) [With R3, base coach leaves his box and acts in any manner to draw a throw] may occur at any time.
On the other hand, not all contact is illegal. Nationals batter Denard Span safely arrived at first base and Danny Espinosa scored after baserunner R1 Roger Bernadina collided with Marlins second baseman Donovan Solano. Replays indicate that contact did not occur until after Solano already had fielded and was in possession of the batted ball. Bernadina was indeed tagged for the inning's second out; the contact between Bernadina and Solano therefore was related to the tag and not subject to Rule 7.09 interference. Had contact occurred prior to Solano's ability to field the batted ball, Bernadina would be declared out; if the umpires determined a secondary motive, Rule 7.09(f) authorizes a double play call, "If, in the judgment of the umpire, a base runner willfully and deliberately interferes with a batted ball or a fielder in the act of fielding a batted ball with the obvious intent to break up a double play."
HP Umpire Jim Joyce ruling Dobbs out for Pierre's actions pursuant to Rule 7.09(e), which requires an interference call when, "Any batter or runner who has just been put out, or any runner who has just scored, hinders or impedes any following play being made on a runner. Such runner shall be declared out for the interference of his teammate."